Sakralna umjetnost

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Sakralna umjetnost

Post by Vegvísir on 28/5/2014, 11:30

Arhitektura, devocionalije, liturgijski predmeti, oltari, relikvijari, slike, mozaici, kipovi, reljefi...



Aja Sofija



Heddal stavkirke



St Michael's Church, Brent Tor



Kostnice v Sedlci

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Re: Sakralna umjetnost

Post by Vegvísir on 28/5/2014, 11:57





Wat Phra Kaew, Bangkok



Zagreb, rano 16. st.



Leshan Giant Buddha

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Re: Sakralna umjetnost

Post by zanstr on 28/5/2014, 12:55



Spring Temple Buddha
Fodushan Scenic Area, Lushan County, Henan, China
Height 128 metres




Approximate heights of various notable statues:
1. Spring Temple Buddha 153 m (incl. 25 m pedestal and 20 m throne)
2. Statue of Liberty 93 m (incl. 47 m pedestal)
3. The Motherland Calls 91 m (excl. plinth)
4. Christ the Redeemer 39.6 m (incl. 9.5 m pedestal)
5. Statue of David 5.17 m (excl. 2.5 m plinth)

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6Ti, naprotiv, kad moliš, uđi u svoju sobu, zatvori vrata i pomoli se svomu Ocu, koji je u skrovitosti. I Otac tvoj, koji vidi u skrovitosti, uzvratit će ti.' - Isus   :rofl  
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Re: Sakralna umjetnost

Post by Vegvísir on 28/5/2014, 14:49



A. O. Spare; Sorcerer, 1905.



Runsten, Uppsala
U samom centru grada nađe se dosta sličnog runskog kamenja uokolo



Biserica Sfântul Nicolae din Densuș

Jedna od najstarijih preživjelih crkvica u Rumunjskoj, smatra se da je nekoć bila poganski hram te je kasnije dorađena u kršćansku crkvu

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Re: Sakralna umjetnost

Post by Guest on 28/5/2014, 14:57

@Vegvísir wrote:



Biserica Sfântul Nicolae din Densuș

Jedna od najstarijih preživjelih crkvica u Rumunjskoj, smatra se da je nekoć bila poganski hram te je kasnije dorađena u kršćansku crkvu
Impresivno, baš odiše drevnošću.

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Re: Sakralna umjetnost

Post by Guest on 28/5/2014, 15:01

Baalbek is the name of an archeological site in Lebanon. In Roman times it was known as Heliopolis or City of the Sun. An example of how ancient is the site can be found in that its holiest area (in pagan times) was the Temple of Baal-Jupiter — a hybrid between the ancient Canaanite god Baal (lord) and the Roman Jupiter.
 
Moreover, this temple was built on a “tel” or ruin mound, indicating a place that had long been held sacred, though what had caused this area to be significant or “sacred” is unknown.
A panorama of ancient Baalbek, seen from a nearby hill.
The ruins are the Roman temples of Bacchus (foreground) and Baal-Jupiter.
 
 
How old are the ruins?

Well, most date from Roman times. They, however, followed the pattern of building upon the “sacred” areas of cultures before them. This is also evident at Palmyra where the temple of Baal is also built upon a tel or ruin mound. The original Canaanite temples could be 2,000 years older than the Roman remains left today.

The question is, had the Canaanites done what the Romans did? In other words, did they build upon the site as well? If so, what caused the site to be considered sacred to them?

The oldest part of the ruins at Baalbek fit absolutely no known culture, and were originally employed for some mysterious purpose.
Back of the temple of Baal-Jupiter. Smaller stones of Roman date are haphazardly placed on top to form a medieval fortress.
At the bottom of the picture, between the 2 trees, a man contemplates their size.
Can you see how small he is compared?
 
Questions constantly crop up concerning these blocks. Baalbek may become a focal point for the dichotomy being uncovered throughout the world today between the prehistoric past we assume existed and our earliest cultures of history.

The massive and elegant Roman stonework and columns pale by comparison to the megaliths they were built upon. The temple very visibly incorporates into its foundation, stones of some 1,500 tons. They are some 68 x 14 x 14 feet! They are the largest worked stones on earth! It is a mystery how such stones could have been moved into place, even according to our science and engineering knowledge of today. It is also a fact the Romans did not use this type of stonework.
One stone left in the quarry, undressed yet. They are great, perfect rectangles.
This is a picture of the largest worked stone on earth. Some have estimated it to be 2,000 tons.

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Re: Sakralna umjetnost

Post by Guest on 28/5/2014, 15:03

Baalbek je enigma još neutvrđene starosti, rijetke monumentalnosti i sakralni kompleks hramova mnogih religija u prošlosti.

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Re: Sakralna umjetnost

Post by zanstr on 28/5/2014, 15:18

Göbekli Tepe




Ovo je navodno najstarije svetište na svijetu. Staro oko 10,000 godina. Starije od otkrića lončarstva :)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G%C3%B6bekli_Tepe

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'Eternal suffering awaits anyone who questions god's infinite love.' - Bill Hicks
'God gave you free will so that you have the choice to either worship him or go to hell.' - Ricky Gervais
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'Tako i kad molite, ne budite kao licemjeri. Vole moliti stojeći u sinagogama i na raskrižjima ulica da se pokažu ljudima. Zaista, kažem vam, primili su svoju plaću.
6Ti, naprotiv, kad moliš, uđi u svoju sobu, zatvori vrata i pomoli se svomu Ocu, koji je u skrovitosti. I Otac tvoj, koji vidi u skrovitosti, uzvratit će ti.' - Isus   :rofl  
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Re: Sakralna umjetnost

Post by Guest on 28/5/2014, 15:30

Dobra tema.

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Re: Sakralna umjetnost

Post by Guest on 28/5/2014, 15:31


 Angkor Wat

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Re: Sakralna umjetnost

Post by Vegvísir on 28/5/2014, 15:35

:tu obojici, super!  :) 




Malo ostataka gotike u Hrvatskoj.  :)
Sokolac, Brinje...

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Re: Sakralna umjetnost

Post by Guest on 28/5/2014, 15:56

Nije možda u potpunosti sakralno, no ipak...

Nan Madol is the only known ancient city ever built on top of a coral reef. Construction is thought to have started 1,500 years ago and the Saudeleur people built 92 islands in the water next to Pohnpei, which is today part of the Federated States of Micronesia.


The eerie abandoned stone structures are said to have inspired science-fiction writer H. P. Lovecraft to create a similar sunken city that was home to the monster Cthulhu.  :)

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Re: Sakralna umjetnost

Post by Vegvísir on 28/5/2014, 19:30

:D 

Divne su mi ove monolitne crkve u Lalibeli...







Bete Medhane Alem, navodno najveći objekt koji je isklesan iz jednog kamenog bloka.  :D 

I nešto malo o njima:

The small town of Lalibela in Ethiopia is home to one of the world's most astounding sacred sites: eleven rock-hewn churches, each carved entirely out of a single block of granite with its roof at ground level. (...)

The town of Lalibela was originally known as Roha. It was renamed after the 12th-century King Lalibela, who commissioned these extraordinary churches. Lalibela was a member of the Zagwe dynasty, which had seized the Ethiopian throne around 1000 AD. When his rivals began to increase in power, Lalibela sought the support of the powerful Ethiopian Orthodox Church by building the churches in this small town.

King Lalibela's goal was to create a New Jerusalem for those who could not make a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. According to some reports, he had been to the Holy Land himself and was inspired by what he saw. But the king made no attempt to copy the churches of the Holy Land; in fact, Lalibela's sacred architecture could not be more unique.

The churches of Lalibela were not constructed — they were excavated. Each church was created by first carving out a wide trench on all four sides of the rock, then painstakingly chiseling out the interior. The largest church is 40 feet high, and the labor required to complete such a task with only hammers and chisels is astounding.

Popular legend has it that angels came every night to pick up where the workmen had left off. One of the churches, Bet Maryam, contains a stone pillar on which King Lalibela wrote the secrets of the buildings' construction. It is covered with old cloths and only the priests may look on it.
King Lalibela's project for gaining the church's favor had two unexpected results: the creation of a holy place of unparalleled beauty and the king's conversion to a religious life. After laboring for 20 years, he abdicated his throne to become a hermit, living in a cave and eating only roots and vegetables. To this day, Ethiopian Christians regard King Lalibela as one of their greatest saints.

The churches have been in continuous use since they were built in the 12th century. The first Europeans to see these extraordinary holy sites were Portugese explorers in the 1520s, one of whom noted in his journal that the sights were so fantastic, he expected readers of his descriptions would accuse him of lying.


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Re: Sakralna umjetnost

Post by Vegvísir on 30/5/2014, 09:54

Ara Pacis Augustae



Oltar mira (13.-9. pr.n.e.) podignut na Marsovom polju u čast Augustova povratka.

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Re: Sakralna umjetnost

Post by Vegvísir on 31/5/2014, 18:14



Cattolica di Stilo

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Re: Sakralna umjetnost

Post by Vegvísir on 3/6/2014, 18:55







Qalʿat Simʿān, u blizini Alepa, Sirija

The Church of St. Simeon is a well-preserved 5th-century church in Qal'a Sim'an, an isolated site 60 km from Aleppo, Syria. It is built on the site of the pillar of St. Simeon Stylites, a famed hermit monk.

St. Simeon was born in 386 AD in a village in the Amanus Mountains. He joined a monastery in this area, but soon decided to seek the religious life alone as a hermit monk. He chose not to live not in a cave, but at the top of a pillar 12 to 18 meters high! He soon attracted great crowds who came from far and near to hear him preach twice a day.
After 37 years atop his pillar, St. Simeon died in 459. His body was ceremoniously escorted to Antioch by seven bishops and several hundred soldiers, followed by a throng of devoted followers. Simeon's grave in Antioch became a major site of pilgrimage, and so did his pillar on the rocky bluff where he had spent the last four decades of his life.

Within just a few decades (c.475), a vast martyrium was built in Simeon's honor on this site. It consisted of four basilicas radiating from the sides of a central octagon, within which was enshrined the famous column.

The 5,000 square meters of floor space was nearly equal to that of the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople. Yet, quite unlike Hagia Sophia, the Church of St. Simeon was (and is) perched atop a barren hill 60 km from the nearest city. But it was not isolated: the church was only one part of a huge, walled complex that included a monastery, two lesser churches, and several large hostels.

St. Simeon's pillar can still be seen in the center of the courtyard, although it is now only a 2 meter-high boulder due to centuries of relic-gathering by pilgrims. The courtyard is surrounded by four basilicas on a cruciform plan. The east basilica is slightly larger than the others; it was the most important and held all the major ceremonies. Adjacent to the south wall of the eastern basilica is the chapel and the monastery.

Opposite the southern basilica is the baptistery, which was built a little after the main church but is an important part of the pilgrimage complex. To the west of the baptistery is the processional route that leads towards Deir Samaan.

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Words, words, words, words! You may as well listen to the birds.

The dreamer is still asleep.

Moon's milk spills from my unquiet skull and forms a white rainbow.
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Re: Sakralna umjetnost

Post by Guest on 3/6/2014, 19:23

Ovo me podsjeti na San Vitale (Ravenna)



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Re: Sakralna umjetnost

Post by Vegvísir on 3/6/2014, 19:35

Mozaici u bazilici u san Vitale  :tu 

Kasnoantička arhitektura i umjetnost bizantskog stila je divna.  :)

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Words, words, words, words! You may as well listen to the birds.

The dreamer is still asleep.

Moon's milk spills from my unquiet skull and forms a white rainbow.
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Re: Sakralna umjetnost

Post by Guest on 3/6/2014, 19:38

@Vegvísir wrote:Mozaici u bazilici u san Vitale  :tu 

Kasnoantička arhitektura i umjetnost bizantskog stila je divna.  :)
Da, fascinantno, posljednji umjetnički krici jednog vrlo starog svijeta na izdisaju... To mi je na must visit  popisu, kad tad.  :)

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Re: Sakralna umjetnost

Post by Vegvísir on 3/6/2014, 19:44

Ja sam se, zahvaljujući jednoj od studijskih grupa koje sam tad studirala, stvarno imala priliku nagledati toga uživo.  :) Doduše, uglavnom ovih kod nas i zemalja u blizini (pogotovo Italija), ali svejedno  :D

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Moon's milk spills from my unquiet skull and forms a white rainbow.
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